Why were the Balkans considered the “Powerkeg of Europe”? Well, it’s a long history of religious tensions that got fused with 19th century nationalism, and erupted into the Balkan Wars.
The biggest short term cause for the collapse of the Ottoman Empire was its involvement in the First World War. So in this video I ask whether or not staying out of the war would have significantly prolonged the life of the Ottoman Empire. Do things turn out better for the Middle East, or just different? Watch to find out!